Facts about Dessert:
- Dessert comes from a French word desservir that means “to clear the table”. The terms dates back to the 14th century, but the term how we use it now, didn’t become current until the 20th
- Dessert is a course that is confectionary, or sweet, that ends a meal.
- It can apply to cakes, tarts, chocolate, candies, cookies, biscuits, gelatins, pastries, ice creams, pies, cobblers, clafoutis, puddings, custards, deep fried treats, sweet soups, fruit, and dessert wines
- The United Kingdom and a few other places in India have different terms for dessert like “pudding”, “sweets”, and “afters”.
- There isn’t a tradition of dessert course in a meal in central and western Africa and most of China
Where it started:
- In 3000 B.C. sweets were fed to the gods in Mesopotamia and India
- Honey was the first sweetener used
- Sugarcane was a major development for dessert in 500 B.C from India. Sugarcane use spread during the Crusades and colonization.
- Ice-cream was invented by the Chinese. It was flavored ice. It was said the Marco Polo brought the technique over to Europe during his travels. There isn’t a clear date when ice cream became what it is today, but recipes for how to make it started popping up in the 1800s.
- Nancy Johnson invented a hand operated ice cream maker in 1843.
- Europeans manufactured sugar in the Middle Ages and created custards, puddings and pies.
- The first apple pie recipe was published in 1381.
- The first cake was recorded in the 13th It was more like bread with honey, and dried fruit to flavor it.
- 1400-Gingerbread was made by soaking bread crumbs in honey and spices
- Many plants were used as medicines first before becoming the dessert they are now. This includes rhubarb, the original marsh mellow (a white flower from the plant) and licorice.
- During the middle ages, pudding was still meat based. In the 19th century, they became their current sweet form.
- In the 19th century, new desserts were being created.
- The Industrial Revolution spread the mass-production of desserts in Europe and America. Desserts became very popular in the 1920s when you could freeze them.
- Cocoa beans are by themselves very bitter. Milk is what gives them their sweet taste.
- October is National Dessert Month.
- October 14th is National Dessert Day.
- Chocolate chips were invented after chocolate chip cookies.
- The “German” of German chocolate cake was named after Samuel German, who was an employee of an American chocolate company.
- “Baked Alaska” was named by Delmonico’s, a restaurant in New York City, in 1876 to celebrate Alaska’s annexation.
- Girl Scout cookies were originally homemade.
- Boston cream pie is actually a cake.
- The most expensive dessert in the world is an ice cream sundae made with rare kinds of cocoa and edible 23 karat gold